Europe announces that all scientific papers should be free by 2020


This week was a revolutionary week in the sciences – not because we
discovered a new fundamental particle or had a new breakthrough in
quantum computing – but because some of the most prominent world leaders
announced an initiative which asserts that European scientific papers
should be made freely available to all by 2020.

This would legally only impact research supported by public and
public-private funds, which are a vast portion of the papers produced
annually; however, the goal is to make all science freely available.

Ultimately, the commitment rests on three main tenets: “Sharing knowledge freely”, “open access”, and “reusing research data”.

And it would totally transform the (long questioned) paid-for
subscription model that is used by many scientific journals.  It would
also undermine the common practice of releasing reports under embargo (a
method that allows scientific journals to favour certain science
communicators and members of the media to the great detriment of others).

Ultimately, this decision comes as a result of a meeting by the Competitiveness Council, which
includes the ministers of Science, Innovation, Trade, and
Industry.  European Union member states were in agreement regarding the
value of, and their commitment to, this new open access (OA) target.

If the 2020 target is met, it would mean that millions of people
(literally) would have free access to the knowledge and information
produced by experts in physics, astronomy, mathematics, engineering,
biology… it would make the sciences accessible to individuals in ways
that previous generations could only dream about.

European science chief Carlos Moedas calls it a “life-changing” move.

But as is true of all great revolutions, the goal will be difficult to achieve, and it will require much oversight and planning.

“The means are still somewhat vague but the determination to reach
the goal of having all scientific articles freely accessible by 2020 is
welcome,” notes Stevan Harnad of the University of Québec in Canada, who
is a longtime open access advocate.

Indeed, at the present time, the council has provided scarce
details related to how countries can expect to make the full transition
to open access and meet the deadline, which is less than four years
away.  That’s not too surprising, as the announcement was only just made a
few days ago.

But given the current state of scientific literacy, and the sad state of science communication,
well, the sciences need all the help they can get.  So this commitment
is almost unanimously welcomed by those working in STEM and associated

And indeed, it is a monumental task.  Case in point, consider the
Netherlands.  They are one of the most prominent advocates of open access
in Europe, and until very recently, their official target to reach full
open access for Dutch scientific papers was set at 2024.

As the League of European Research Universities (LERU) notes, this is “not an easy ambition”.

Ultimately, this announcement comes as part of a larger move to
provide open access to scientific knowledge.  As was just intimated, the
Dutch government, which currently holds the rotating E.U. presidency, has long spoken out in favour for Europe-wide Open Science, as had Carlos Moedas, the European Commissioner for Research and Innovation.

And while it will not be an easy road, government officials assert that they are committed to the task.

“We probably don’t realise it yet, but what the Dutch presidency has achieved is just unique and huge,” Moedas said at a press conference.  “The commission is totally committed to help move this forward.”

“The time for talking about Open Access is now past.  With these
agreements, we are going to achieve it in practice,” the Dutch State
Secretary for Education, Culture, and Science, Sander Dekker, added in a statement.

To that end, while a spokesperson for the Competitiveness Council
admits the 2020 target “may not be an easy task”, all are quick to
stress the importance of the council’s new resolve.  “This is not a law,
but it’s a political orientation for the 28 governments.  The important
thing is that there is a consensus.”

So to continue with the metaphor, though all acknowledge that
there will be bumps and waylaid signs, all also agree that it is a road
worth traveling.

This article was originally published by Futurism.  Read the original article.


Europe announces that all scientific papers should be free by 2020


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